oranges south africa oranges south africa
oranges south africa



Navels

Navels originated in China, and have the distinctive feature of having a small secondary fruit embedded in the apex of the primary fruit. Generally speaking, navels are the earliest maturing of orange varieties, and the fruit is large and has a deep orange colour.

It peels easily and the flesh has a rich pleasant taste. Navels are recognized as the primary eating orange throughout the world, and in South Africa, they are harvested from April to August.

Cara Cara Navel

Cara Cara navel orange, a mutation that occurred on a Washington navel orange tree, was discovered in 1976 at Hacienda Cara Cara in Venezuela.

Most tree and fruit characteristics reflect its Washington navel orange ancestry, but the flesh is deep pink, similar to the darkest of the red grapefruit varieties.

Rarely, the normally green-leafed trees will produce variegated-leafed twigs. These twigs, when left to grow and fruit, may produce fruits with striped rind.

Valencia

Due to its name, the common assumption about Valencias is that they originate from the city of that name in Spain, but the variety is most likely of Portuguese origin, and first attracted interest where it was grown in the Azores islands.

Fruit size is medium to large, roundish-oblong in shape, with an orange, moderately thin rind of smooth, but sometimes finely pebbled, texture. When the fruit is mature, it is not difficult to peel, and seeds typically number two to four per fruit. The rind is thin and leathery and the flesh well coloured, with a very high juice content, outstanding colour and good flavour.

Valencias are the world's premier orange. There is no other citrus variety more widely grown and on such an extensive scale. The Valencia leads production in Argentina, Australia, California, Florida, Morocco and Southern Africa, and is an important variety in Brazil, Israel and elsewhere. It is also the latest maturing of all sweet orange varieties.

Delta Seedless

Delta Seedless is a South African orange, and originated near Pretoria in 1952. Delta seedless has good quality, seedless fruit. It has a lower sugar content and acidity than Valencia, especially in early production years.

The fruit reach acceptable maturity one to three weeks earlier than Valencias and are harvested from the end of June to the end of August. Production is gradually increasing in South Africa, and plantings in California and Argentina are also returning good results.

Delta Valencia

Delta was found as a dooryard seedling in Transvaal, South Africa in 1952.

It is vigorous and productive and grows more erect than Valencia. Delta has become popular because it is less acid and ripens earlier but has all the good qualities of Valencia.

In the northern hemisphere Delta reaches maturity in March-July.

Midnight

Midnights are of an unknown origin, but this variety was first noticed as a slightly earlier maturing tree growing in a Valencia orchard the Eastern Province of South Africa in the 1920's.

Midknight yields a significantly larger fruit than Valencias, has a better flavour, and is virtually seedless. It matures two to four weeks earlier, and the fruit has a very high juice percentage and very good flavour. It is, however, more difficult to peel than a Valencia because the rind is thinner and more tightly adhering, and often oily. In fact, when grown in hot, humid climatic conditions it becomes almost impossible to peel. In South Africa it is harvested from the end of June to the end of October.

In South Africa it is harvested from the end of May to the end of July.

Tomango

The origin of Tomango's is unknown, but it was first propagated in South Africa's Mpumalanga Province in 1916. The fruit is of good quality but tends to be small.

It is oval, with a smooth rind texture and has an orange/yellow rind colour. The thin rind is fairly easily peeled and the flesh is particularly tender and juicy, and is suitable for juicing or eating fresh. Tomango's are harvested from the end of April to the end of May.

Valencias are the world's premier orange. There is no other citrus variety more widely grown and on such an extensive scale. The Valencia leads production in Argentina, Australia, California, Florida, Morocco and Southern Africa, and is an important variety in Brazil, Israel and elsewhere. It is also the latest maturing of all sweet orange varieties.

Navelate

Navelates were discovered as a limb mutation on a Washington tree in Western Spain in 1948, and released for propagation in 1957. The fruit is medium to large in size, somewhat smaller than Washington, and has a smaller and often concealed navel.

It is a top quality orange with a consistent sweet flavour.

The rind has a similar texture to a navel but is thinner, more leathery and somewhat less easily peeled.

Protea

As the name indicates, Proteas originated in South Africa.

The Protea fruit is slightly oval, with a smooth rind texture, pale orange colour and devoid of any blush. The thin rind is fairly easily peeled and the flesh is particularly tender and juicy. It has few, small seeds, typically only one or two in each fruit. Protea is a mid-season variety and matures between Navels and Valencias.

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